With malt, yeast and water, hops (Humulus lupulus) are the raw material for beer. This leaves the medical significance in the shade: Its active ingredients improve the quality of sleep, have an antibacterial effect, sedate and are probably even suitable for anti-cancer medicines. Areas of application: Insomnia, restless sleep, anxiety, nervousness, stress symptoms, neuralgic, rheumatic and arthritic pain, menstrual and menopausal symptoms (controversial), indigestion, loss of appetite, bacterial inflammation, possible effects against cancer.
Category Medicinal plants
Hippocrates and Hildegard von Bingen already swore by the upright cinquefoil, as the bloodroot is also popularly called. The latter used the extract of this medicinal plant, which belongs to the rose family, against bleeding. The blood sprout loses a blood-red juice when cut, which is still used today in the form of schnapps.
Mandrake - a magical witch plant, an important component of witch and flight ointments in addition to deadly cherry, henbane and thorn apple. A plant with a lot of history and a mystical and enchanting background. Characteristics of the mandrake Scientific name: Mandragora officinarum Plant family: Nightshade family (Solanaceae) Popular names: dragon dolls, hangman, meerkat, mandrake man, witchweed, springwort, magic root, weird root, root root, root root, root root : Mediterranean region, Orient Plant parts used: Roots Ingredients: Alkaloids, especially atropine, hyoscyamine, scopolamine, cuscohygrin, apoatropine Areas of application: colic control pain (dysmenorrhea) asthma Pollen allergy and hay fever whooping cough almoon - the curative effects of thinning, induction, homeopathy Headache and liver-bile disorders (more on this under “Homeopathy”).
The thistle often curse garden owners as "weeds". Their tap roots are difficult to remove, their seeds last for years, and a large number of spines make gardening a pain. In the past, however, the "crab thistle" was highly valued as a medicinal plant and was supposed to work against skin tumors.
In ancient times, the pomegranate was considered the food of the gods. One thesis says that Eva picked a pomegranate in the garden of Eden. Symbolically, this would have a lot for itself, because the bright red fruit assigned the Greeks to the goddess of love Aphrodite. It should promote pleasure and contains a lot of medicinal substances.
Meadow knotweed was popularly known as dragon root - its roots were reminiscent of a bundle of snakes, and it was considered a remedy for snake bites. Really, the swamp plant contains a lot of tannins, and these have an anti-inflammatory effect and help with wound healing. Profile Scientific name: Polygonum bistorta Root, rhizome and leaves Areas of application: Astringent for diarrhea Inflammation in the mouth and throat Flatulence and digestive problems Ingredients: Approximately 20 percent catechin and tannin genetics.
The inflorescence of the large meadow button is reminiscent of a button, hence the name. The common name blood herb comes from the fact that the medicinal plant was used to stop bleeding. The traditional medicine was almost forgotten, but now plays a role in naturopathy and also in the development of new drugs against pathogenic bacteria.
Yellow gentian contains amarogentin, the bitterest substance in nature. This promotes digestion, but also helps with wound healing and against infections. The rare mountain perennial can be found in herbal liqueurs, as drops or tea and can be combined well with wormwood and dandelion. Profile Scientific name: Gentiana lutea Folk names: bitter root, (mountain) fever root, high root, noble gentian, common gentian, jaundice, salsify, butter root Zinzalwurz, Darmwurzen, Halunkenwurz, JänzeneFamily: Gentianaceae (Gentianaceae) Distribution: Mountains of Europe and TurkeyUsed parts of the plant: RootApplications: Loss of appetiteLean addictionBellowingBile disordersInflammation of the respiratory tractIngredientsThe medicinal substances are mainly in the root.
The pokeweed comes from North America and was used there by indigenous people as a medicinal plant against inflammation and even as a remedy for tumors. In addition, it is an effective emetic - but only recommended to a very limited extent due to its toxic effects. Characteristics Scientific name: Phytolacca americana Common names: make-up berries, scarlet berries, ink berries, Spanish blackberries, Virginian purgaz, kerma tents, kermas, American nightshades, golden virgin, weeds , Petrus stick, Foxtail, Pagan Waxweed, Toothwort, Goldflower, Goldwax, Lapwort, Brown stalk, St.
"The plant that makes you sick", Ipecacuanha, is the name for this emetic in its natural area of origin in tropical South America. Alkaloids in the rootstock of the Brazilian shrub irritate the gastric nerves and thus help to vomit toxins. The substances that cause vomiting, however, are themselves toxic - especially with the crow's root: the dose makes the poison.
Sebastian Kneipp, the founder of the Kneipp cures, said about the native plant: "Gundermann, salvation from all over the world." That was a bit much of a good thing, but the ground cover actually contains medicinally effective substances. Profile to Gundermann Scientific name: Glechoma hederacea Common names: Efeugundermann, Gundelrebe, Angel's cabbage, thunder vine, thunder flower, rebound, earth ivy, earth wreath, stinking heel, stone wrapper, look through the fence, Huderich, Hederich, Gundelse, Gutermann, Gundelrieme, Gundam, soldier's parsley, wreath herb, medicinal herb, medicinal hoop, catnip, herb leaf herb, leaf herb, leaf herb and above-ground parts of the plant Areas of application: wound healing inflammatory diseases kidney and bladder weakness cough runny nose joint pain menstrual pain rheumatic pain impure skin history and in folk medicine especially gastrointestinal catarrh ingredients ingredients Gundermann contains glycosides, including glucopyranosides and neohesperidoside Bitter substances.
The Carthusian carnation grows on lime-rich grasslands. It is also called monastery carnation, since monks cultivated and used it medically in monastery gardens - especially against rheumatic complaints and pain in the muscles. It was also used unsuccessfully as a remedy for snake bites and plague and was only partially effective against worms.
We know the cowslip as an early bloomer in the garden and as an ornament, but hardly as a medicinal plant. It was once considered the key to heaven, and was used in folk medicine as a remedy for pain, cough, inflamed airways and psychological upsets such as fear or nervousness. Like valerian, she also helped you fall asleep.
The creeping Günsel is a widespread ground cover, which some gardeners even regard as "weeds". It is not only suitable as a culinary herb, but also because of its tannins as a remedy for digestive problems and also offers active substances against inflammation that accelerate wound healing.
Our garden pansy is one of the most popular plants for beds and patios, and we get it in various colors in autumn and spring. The wild pansy (Viola tricolor) is less well known as a primal form today, but is not uncommon in nature and just as easy to plant.
Wolfstrapp is a labiate and closely related to the dead nettle, which it also looks similar to. Its German and Latin names indicate that the leaves are said to resemble wolf tracks. It is one of the few plants that affect human hormones and therefore helps against conditions that result from excessive levels of thyroid and sex hormones.
The American agave is a desert plant and popular in the room and garden because its fleshy, lanceolate leaves are an eye-catcher. In its home in Central and South America, it is traditionally used as food and medicine. Their biochemistry works in osteoporosis like diabetes, intestinal infections and parasites.
Steamers are widespread meadow plants in wet meadows in Eurasia. Hated by farmers and grazing animal keepers as "weeds", they offer protection and food to many wild animals in the cleared agricultural desert. At the same time, they act as a medicinal plant against skin problems and against respiratory diseases.
“Wonder bulb” Garlic garlic has not only been used as a tasty spice for thousands of years, but also as a versatile remedy. Its tubers contain healthy ingredients and have impressive health-promoting properties. For a long time, the use of garlic was based solely on observations and experience.
The evergreen gorse is a character plant of the Atlantic coasts of Northern and Central Europe, a "tough chunk" of the beaches, bogs, heaths and the grassland and a pointer plant for soils with little limestone. Pasture keepers appreciated him because his thorns prevent farm animals from breaking out and predators entering.
Fever clover, also known as bitter clover, is not only a species, but also the only one in the genus Menyanthes. We typically find it in bogs and swamps, the riparian zone of ponds and the shallow zone of still waters. In 2020, fever clover will be flower of the year to indicate the threat to the bogs.