Visual disturbances can be an indication of diabetes

Visual disturbances can be an indication of diabetes

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Fluctuations in his visual acuity can be due to diabetes

If you notice fluctuations in your visual acuity during the day, see it distorted or blurred, or even notice so-called "soot rain" in front of your eye, you should immediately go to an ophthalmologist. Because these complaints can be symptoms of diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes can result in numerous complications

According to health experts, around seven million people with diabetes live in Germany. The disease not only has a serious impact on the metabolism, but can also lead to numerous secondary diseases. Diabetes often causes diseases of the cardiovascular system over time. The nervous system is also affected. The supplying nerves of the feet are particularly often damaged, which can lead to those affected developing a so-called diabetic foot. Eye disorders that can lead to blindness are also typical complications of the so-called diabetes.

If there is "soot rain" in front of the eye, go straight to the eye doctor

If you notice fluctuations in your visual acuity during the day, see it distorted or blurred, or even perceive so-called "soot rain" in front of your eye, you should immediately go to the ophthalmologist.

Because the metabolic disease diabetes mellitus may be the cause of the complaints.

According to experts, up to a third of all people with type 2 diabetes have a slight change in the retina when they are diagnosed.

The so-called "diabetic retinopathy" shows no symptoms for a long time. When visual disturbances finally appear, the damage to the retina can already be so advanced that it can lead to permanent visual impairment or even blindness.

This is indicated by diabetesDE - German Diabetes Aid on the occasion of the "White Floor Day" campaign on October 15, 2018.

Retinal disease

As the experts write in a statement, more than 1.3 million people with diabetes nationwide live with retinal disease, around 2,000 of whom go blind each year.

According to the information, "diabetic retinopathy" is one of the main reasons for permanent visual impairment in working age in the western world.

The causes of this diabetes-related disease are diverse, with eleven percent of those affected also permanently elevated blood sugar levels play a role. These damage the fine blood vessels in the retina.

The tricky thing is that those affected have no complaints in the early phase. In the advanced stage, new vessels form that penetrate into the retina or vitreous body of the eye.

The vessels become permeable and fragile, blood leaks into the surrounding tissue. Only then will there be visual disturbances and restrictions.

Fear of the results

As the experts explain, the 2015 barometer study collected data on the care situation of people with diabetes and eye diseases in 41 countries.

In Germany, the survey of those affected was carried out by the German Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired (DBSV) and the German Diabetes Aid - People with Diabetes (DDH-M).

The deputy chairperson of diabetesDE - Deutsche Diabetes-Hilfe, Diana Droßel, who herself has type 1 diabetes and has been blind since 1982, worked on the study:

"27 percent of the diabetic patients with impaired vision reported that they had problems dealing with their diabetes, including controlling and adjusting their blood sugar," said the diabetes consultant.

However, although those affected most fear a possible loss of vision from all of the complications, only a small proportion of people with diabetes would go for regular eye checks, the expert said.

"In addition to the long waiting times for an appointment, the main reasons given were the fear of the results or a subsequent treatment."

Have your eyes checked regularly

"In order to prevent visual impairments and the associated loss of independence and quality of life, both people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes should have their eyes examined regularly," says Professor Dr. med. Thomas Haak, diabetesDE board member and chief physician at the Diabetes Center Mergentheim.

Retinal changes can be stopped in early stages. People with type 1 diabetes should have retinal control after the pupil has been dilated from the age of 11 or from the fifth year of illness.

In people with type 2 diabetes, the retina should be examined immediately after the diagnosis of diabetes.

If there is no damage to the retina and there are no general risks such as increased long-term blood sugar, longer diabetes, high blood pressure or kidney disease, check-ups every two years are recommended.

Annual examinations are important when there is a high risk. If retinopathy already exists, the examination intervals can also be shorter individually than annually.

"In addition to regular eye checks at the doctor's, a stable metabolic control is also crucial," said Professor Haak. “On the other hand, the blood pressure should also be well adjusted. The target value for blood pressure is 140/85 mmHg. ”(Ad)

Author and source information

Video: Five Signs That Could be Symptoms of Diabetes (October 2022).