Everyone should take these five early warning signs of prostate cancer seriously

Everyone should take these five early warning signs of prostate cancer seriously

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What symptoms indicate a change in the prostate?

For men, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in the western world. 60,000 new cases are registered each year. Every fourth tumor develops in men in the prostate. About 10 percent of cases of disease end in death. Often the disease is recognized too late because serious symptoms only appear late. It is all the more important to recognize the first signs and interpret them correctly, because the earlier the cancer is recognized, the better the chances of a cure. There are a few early warning signs that should never be ignored.

Prostate cancer grows very slowly in most cases. Symptoms usually only appear when the tumor is large enough to press on surrounding organs, such as the urethra. Due to the lack of early warning signs, regular early diagnosis is the only way for men aged 45 and over to detect the carcinoma at an early stage. The earlier the cancer is recognized, the better the chances of recovery.

What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?

The risk of prostate cancer increases with age. Illnesses before the age of 50 are rather rare, according to the German Cancer Society. In addition to age, certain genes are also considered a risk factor. Men whose brothers, fathers or grandfathers already have prostate cancer should be particularly careful. In addition, the general lifestyle is also considered a risk factor. Poor nutrition and lack of exercise can promote prostate cancer.

Don't ignore these symptoms

"Most tumors develop on the posterior side of the prostate gland, that is, in the portion of the prostate that faces the intestine," write the experts from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ) in a message. When there are complaints about prostate cancer, the carcinoma is often so large that it presses on other organs. If the following symptoms appear, a visit to the doctor should therefore no longer be put off.

  • Bladder emptying disorder: If the carcinoma presses on the urethra, urination problems may occur. This can be manifested, for example, by difficulty starting, a weak urine stream, pain or frequent urge to urinate.
  • Discoloration of urine or sperm: Blood in the urine or blood in the sperm are a warning signal for prostate cancer. These signs may also indicate inflammation or infection, but should always be checked with a doctor.
  • Problems with intercourse: If pain or erectile dysfunction occurs in connection with sexual intercourse, this can indicate an altered prostate.
  • Defecation pain: If the enlarged prostate presses on the intestine, pain during bowel movements can occur.

Complaints can also be age-related

If one or more of these symptoms appear, you shouldn't panic right away. "What is considered as the first complaint can just as well be triggered by a benign change in the prostate or an infection," said the DKFZ experts. A so-called benign prostatic hyperplase egg is more often responsible for the symptoms. This benign prostate enlargement is present in very many men of advanced age. You should still go to the doctor. (vb)

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