Medicinal plants

Goldenrod - ingredients, effects and application

Goldenrod - ingredients, effects and application

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The Real goldenrod (Solidago) is often described as a weed herb, but is also known for its beneficial effects on the urinary system. Overall, Solidago's areas of application range from wounds and inflammation to urinary tract and kidney problems to rheumatic diseases, which is why goldenrod is rightly called a golden wonder plant and has been popular since ancient times. Nowadays, due to its diuretic effect, it is particularly valued as an ingredient for kidney tea in urinary tract diseases. However, Solidago is still used for a detoxification treatment and its traditional use for wound treatment. In this article you will learn more about the versatile medicinal plant, its use in naturopathy and important basics of application and dosage.

Profile of the goldenrod

  • botanical name: Solidago
  • Plant family: Cruciferous plants (Asteraceae)
  • Popular names: Goldenrod herb, Fox herb, Guilder woundwort, Pagan wound herb, medicinal wound herb, sky fire, power medicinal herb, ox bread, petrus stick, horse herb, verbena herb, scytheweed
  • origin: America, Asia, Europe
  • Parts of plants used: flowering herb
  • application areas:
    • Colds,
    • Urinary tract diseases,
    • systemic diseases,
    • Digestive problems,
    • Injuries and wounds.

to outer and inner wounds gantz heylsam
because of its contracting force against the stone and that
Kidney pains, cleans the urinary tract of all coarse mucus. ”

- Tabernaernontanus

The goldenrod belongs to the daisy family (Asteraceae) and comprises about 100 different species, most of which are native to North America. Especially known as medicinal herbs there

  • Canadian goldenrod (Solidago canadensis);
  • Giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea) - both types of goldenrod were already used medicinally by the Indians, who verifiably chewed the flowers of the up to 2 m large Solidago for sore throats or processed the plant parts into wound paste to treat insect bites.
  • Common goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea) - more common in Europe and already known as miracle herb in the ancient Germanic tribes, which shows how ancient peoples discovered similar healing effects of goldenrod on wounds and injuries relatively independently of each other. This is also the reason for the nickname of the goldenrod as 'Heydnian Waxweed'.

The scientific name of Solidago virgaurea also indicates the unlikely good effect in the case of a wound. Because the name is made up of the four Latin words solid for "fixed", "" complete "or" whole ", agere for "act" or "connect", virga for “rod” and aureus for “golden” together. Translated, Solidago virgaurea means something like “the completely connecting goldenrod”, which undoubtedly refers to the wound-healing properties of the golden-yellow flowering herb.

In addition to treating injuries, Germanic tribes also used the basket-shaped inflorescences of the common goldenrod to make tea against bladder and kidney problems. A form of application that prevailed until the Middle Ages, when the famous herbalist Hildegard von Bingen kept large pieces on Solidago virgaurea as a remedy for digestive problems and urinary tract diseases. At this time the name goldenrod came into being - the goldenrod herb was believed in ancient folk belief to have a magical sense for dwarf treasures. The mystical beings were said to have a special bond to the power of the "golden virgin", which, according to the belief of superstition, was also inherent in the goldenrod. The plant should therefore be able to reliably track down the riches of the dwarfs who are obsessed with gold and precious stones. For this reason, many treasure hunters at that time even used sacred specimens of the goldenrod as a divining rod.

It is uncertain whether a dwarf treasure was ever found in this way. However, the areas of application of the goldenrod at that time are quite justified. They were later confirmed by a number of studies and medical advocates such as that of the German doctor and medical tutor Johann Gottfried Rademacher. The son of a pharmacist's daughter, whose father (Rademacher's grandfather) even served the King of England in the 18th century, dealt extensively with treatment measures against rheumatism, gout and urinary disorders. In all three cases, the goldenrod seemed to be of particular relevance for successful treatment. Even today, the herb is used again and again for appropriate treatment purposes. The following fields of application for Solidago are documented:

  • Urinary disorders such as Cystitis, disturbed urination, inflammation of the kidneys or kidney stones,
  • systemic diseases such as Diabetes, gout, rheumatism or dropsy,
  • Indigestion such as Flatulence, inflammation of the intestines, diarrhea, stomach cramps or constipation,
  • Injuries and wound complaints such as impaired wound healing, insect bites, cuts or abrasions,
  • other complaints such as Infections, inflammatory diseases, colds or stress.

Herb [...] is an own resource on the kidneys, it brings them
Sick people back to normal ... "

- Johann Gottfried Rademacher

Ingredients and effects

In addition to its soothing effect on inflammation of any kind, goldenrod also has a draining effect. Said circumstance predestines Solidago for use against health complaints that require the rapid removal of excess water retention (e.g. in the case of cystitis or edema). The medicinal plant also promises exceptionally good help for kidney stones and kidney semolina. The drainage effect is so intense that even severe metabolic diseases such as gout respond to the resulting cleaning effect of the goldenrod. In this regard, the most important active ingredients responsible for the healing effects of Solidago are components of the plant's essential oil. Which includes:

  • Bitter substances,
  • Flavonoids,
  • Tannins,
  • Inulin,
  • Phenol glycosides,
  • Terpenes.

Bitter substances

Bitter substances are known as classic ingredients of digestive herbs such as anise or fennel for their digestive effects. By stimulating gastric and bile juice secretion, they facilitate the utilization of nutrients in the digestive tract. The stimulation of secretion in the gastrointestinal tract also increases appetite and improves intestinal movement, which prevents bloating, constipation and gastrointestinal cramps. Bitter substances in the intestine also promote blood circulation, which again contributes to good digestion.

However, gastrointestinal (gastrointestinal) stimulation is by no means the only ability that can be attributed to bitter substances, even if this is the reason for the main use of plant substances in the field of digestive preparations and elixirs such as gastric bitters. In the meantime, it is assumed that bitter substances have a wealth of other health-related properties that further expand their medical value. All in all, bitter substances can be one

  • antibacterial,
  • antifungal,
  • appetizing,
  • circulation-promoting,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antipyretic,
  • immune boosting,
  • antispasmodic,
  • secretion-promoting
  • and digestive

Attributing effect. The plant substances are also very helpful in the case of immune deficiencies, infectious diseases and fever.


The name of the flavonoids is derived, for a very simple reason, from the Latin word flavus for "yellow". Because flavonoids are vegetable dyes, of which the first variants discovered were yellow in color. The goldenrod flavonoids also belong to these yellowing substances. They give the plant's eponymous golden yellow flowers their color and are still used to yellow wool and cotton textiles.

In detail, there are two flavonoids at Solidago, which are important for the plant's healing properties. Quercitrin is a descendant of quercetin, which also belongs to the flavonoids, and has an equally strong antioxidant effect. It protects the blood vessels, skin and heart from free radicals, which can cause severe damage to body tissues due to metabolic oxidation processes. Free radicals are usually made up of an abundance of foreign substances, such as pollutants or food additives. Detoxification courses often aim to precisely remove these substances from the body and thus cleanse the organism. Combined with the diuretic effect of the goldenrod, Quercitrin is ideal for a corresponding cleaning cure. Good antioxidant protection also prevents inflammation, infections and even cell damage with carcinogenic potential.

Rutoside is another flavonoid of an antioxidative nature, in this case in the form of a derivative of the flavonoid rutin. In addition to the antioxidant properties that are characteristic of flavonoids, rutoside also has a strongly draining effect, which according to a study from 2006 is even so good that it also promises help with pregnancy edema.

In the area of ​​vascular health, there is also a hemostatic and anti-inflammatory effect of rutoside, which is very targeted on the veins, which is why the flavonoid is used as a medicinal active ingredient against a number of vascular inflammations, including purpura and intestinal vein inflammation phlebitis. In addition, intestinal inflammation colitis responds well to the administration of rutoside. Together with the bitter substances of the goldenrod, there are two active ingredients that particularly support intestinal health.

Speaking of anti-inflammatory: the goldenrod is also not lacking in disinfectant tannins. They are not used for a reason when tanning animal skins in leather processing, because they are extremely efficient in combating all kinds of infection germs such as bacteria, fungi or viruses. Another aspect that makes Solidago an excellent remedy for infections, but also for wounds prone to infection.

Phenol glycosides

Basically, glycosides are organic chemical compounds in which an alcohol is linked to a sugar. In this context, phenol glycosides are glycosides which also have a phenol, that is to say an aromatic component. Corresponding glycoside compounds have a particularly striking aroma. Phenol glycosides also sometimes have very special healing effects.

If, for example, the diuretic effect of the goldenrod is concerned, the phenol glycosides leiocarposide and virgaureoside are largely responsible for this. Both glycoside compounds only occur in the goldenrod and also wait for their diuretic effect

  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antispasmodic
  • and analgesic

Properties on. The plant substances are therefore made to treat inflammatory urinary tract diseases such as bladder or kidney inflammation, which are not only associated with inflammatory foci in the area of ​​the urinary tract, but also with severe complaints of urination and sometimes even bladder cramps. However, it should be pointed out that leiocarposid only occurs in the common goldenrod. The Canadian goldenrod and the giant goldenrod do not have this ingredient, even if they are also often used in medicinal plants.

By the way: Another medically effective sugar derivative in Solidago is the polysaccharide inulin. It is often used as a starch substitute in the treatment of diabetes mellitus because, unlike other sugar variants, it does not raise the blood sugar level.


As shown, the essential oil of plants generally contains a colorful mixture of different ingredients, which together form an aromatic and highly effective plant extract. One of the most important groups of substances here are the so-called terpenes. These are chemical compounds that mostly consist of

  • Aldehyde,
  • Alcohol,
  • Carboxylic acids,
  • Esters,
  • Ether,
  • Glycosides,
  • Ketones
  • or hydrocarbon.

Depending on the chemical composition, a distinction is made between different subgroups of terpenes, with monoterpenes, triterpenes and sesquiterpenes being the most important variants in the medical field. The goldenrod now mainly contains the sesquiterpene cadine. It is also found in other medicinal herbs such as manuka, peppermint or juniper, all of which are essential oils thanks to this terpene

  • anti-inflammatory,
  • skin protecting,
  • antispasmodic,
  • soothing
  • and have a healing effect.

Especially against rashes, such as those typical of inflammatory skin diseases, allergic skin reactions or even some insect bites, are repeatedly treated with ointments containing cadins. In addition, the essential oil component also has aromatic properties which, in addition to being used as a fragrance and flavor, are sometimes used in the food and cosmetics industry to treat bad breath.

Another terpene in goldenrod extract is the triterpene saponin. Triterpenes of this type also occur in asparagus, which is also known to have a strong diuretic effect and is therefore used extensively for diet recipes, drainage and detoxification measures. Overall, saponins work

  • lowering cholesterol,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • diuretic,
  • hormone stimulating,
  • expectorant,
  • digestive
  • and cell protecting.

The triterpenes thus cover a large part of the healing effects supported by goldenrod, which applies in particular to inflammatory gastrointestinal and urinary tract diseases.

Application and dosage

If you would like to collect the goldenrod yourself, you can do this from July to October. The plant is hardy and can theoretically be cultivated in your own garden. However, be sure to collect only young flowering shoots. These can then either be processed fresh or dried beforehand. When using Solidago, however, make sure that you do not exceed the recommended daily dose of 6 to 12 g of goldenrod herb.

Goldenrod tea

The most common application of goldenrods is the administration as kidney and bladder tea. Solidago is also often combined with other bladder herbs such as birch, nettle or aronia. When used internally, tea can best remove impurities in the ureters and kidneys and also ensures that these organs are cleansed. The dosage guidelines for a cup of pure goldenrod tea are:

  • 2 teaspoons (tsp) of goldenrod herb come up
  • 250 ml water.

The brewing time of the tea is ten minutes. The herbs are then sieved. You can drink two to three cups of the tea a day. However, it is important to drink at least two liters of liquid to avoid a lack of liquid due to the strongly draining effects of the tea.

Bubble tea with goldenrod

A particularly proven application of the goldenrod is in urinary tract diseases. Bladder inflammation in particular often requires diuretic and anti-inflammatory tea blends in order to get any pathogens out of the urinary tract as quickly as possible. Our recipe

  • 25 g real goldenrod,
  • 25 g birch leaves,
  • 25 g aronia,
  • 25 g nettle leaves,
  • 25 g blueberry leaves.

Mix the herbs together in a small bowl and remove two teaspoons from the tea mixture for a cup of kidney tea. Let the whole thing steep for about five minutes before sifting the herbs. Drink three cups of the tea daily until the kidney problems have subsided.

Goldenrod for immune-boosting tea

With regard to the immunomodulating ingredients of the goldenrod, an application for immune strengthening is also conceivable. This is recommended, for example, after an infectious disease that is stressful for the immune system or with chronic immune deficiencies (e.g. in the course of an autoimmune disease). The ingredients for a corresponding tea are as follows:

  • 3 tsp fresh goldenrod flowers,
  • 1.5 tsp fresh dandelion root,
  • 1 tsp thyme leaves.

Boil the tea herbs in a liter of water for three minutes and then let the brew steep for about ten minutes. After sieving, the tea can be enjoyed warm or cold throughout the day.

Rheumatoid tea with goldenrod

Even with rheumatism, many patients swear by the curative effects of the goldenrod. It can contribute to significant pain relief and sometimes even completely eliminate the symptoms. For an appropriate tea, take:

  • 30 g goldenrod,
  • 30 g pansies,
  • 10 g willow bark.

Take a teaspoon from this herbal mixture for a cup of rheumatoid tea and leave the herbs covered in boiling water for about ten minutes. Two to three cups a day should promptly improve the symptoms.

Goldenrod tea for abscesses and boils

When it comes to skin problems such as boils or abscesses, goldenrod is often combined with Odermennig and the roots of the Wegwarte. Both plants complement the anti-inflammatory, skin and mucosal properties of Solidago in a particularly gentle way. To make the tea, take:

  • 40 g burdock root,
  • 20 g birch leaves,
  • 20 g goldenrod,
  • 20 g Odermennig,
  • 20 g of control room roots.

Pour 500 ml of boiling water over the herbs and let the decoction stand for about ten minutes before sifting the tea herbs. Three cups of the tea should be drunk daily between meals. Alternatively, the unsweetened brew can also be used for washing or mouthwashing in the cooled state.

Goldenrod tea for slimming

If you suffer from obesity or obesity, you are often looking for herbal teas that actively help you lose weight. Some herbs are also ideal for this because of their “purifying” effect, including goldenrod, stork's beak and senna leaves. Combined with a few other herbs that stimulate the metabolism, you can make a wonderful slimming tea from the medicinal plants. Our recommendation:

  • 15 g attich,
  • 15 g bladder wrack,
  • 15 g brown root,
  • 15 g watercress,
  • 15 g goldenrod,
  • 15 g St. John's wort,
  • 15 g rosemary,
  • 15 g senna leaves,
  • 15 g cranesbill.

Take a tablespoon (tablespoon) from this herbal mixture for a cup of tea and pour 250 ml of boiling water over it. After a steeping period of ten minutes, the herbs are sieved as usual and the tea can be drunk before each meal.

Important: To best support the weight loss effect, it is of course advisable to avoid sweeteners such as sugar.

Goldenrod tincture

A goldenrod tincture is not only recommended for internal use, such as for urinary tract or metabolic disorders, but is also wonderful for treating wounds and injuries. The alcohol contained in the tincture acts as an additional wound disinfectant, which further supports the already wound-healing properties of Solidago. For the production of the goldenrod tincture you need:

  • A jar full of goldenrod herb,
  • 1 bottle of vodka,
  • 1 dark bottle for storage.

Fill the screw-top jar to the brim with goldenrod herb and then pour vodka on it so that all herbs are covered with alcohol. Now place the tincture base on a sunny window sill for about ten to 14 days and let it ripen. The herbs are then filtered off and the goldenrod tincture is filled into a dark bottle. Store the tincture cool and dark until use. If necessary, either three teaspoons of the tincture can then be taken for internal use (caution contains alcohol!) Or the tincture is used to dab and clean wounds.

Goldenrod wine

A particularly interesting and original recipe is the goldenrod wine. It is an old recipe by the herbalist Hildegard von Bingen, who used the wine to cleanse and stimulate the metabolism. The ingredients:

  • 1 screw jar full of goldenrod herb,
  • 1 bottle of white wine,
  • 1 dark bottle for storage.

Pour the screw bottle filled with goldenrod with the white wine and close it well. Allow the wine to mature in a dark place for about two to three weeks before filtering the herbs out of the wine. Finally, pour the wine into a dark bottle for storage, which is then kept cool and dark (ideally in the refrigerator). To detoxify and stimulate the metabolism, three times three teaspoons or three times three liqueur glasses of goldenrod wine can be drunk daily. Due to the alcohol, this is of course not suitable for children, pregnant women and other risk groups.

Side effects and contraindications

  • In the past, side effects such as gastrointestinal complaints have been rarely observed after taking Solidago. Anyone who is sensitive or complains of gastrointestinal weakness should be careful with the use of goldenrod.
  • The use of goldenrods in the presence of a pollen allergy is much more dangerous. Allergic reactions in the form of hay fever with corresponding allergy symptoms can possibly occur here. Severe symptoms such as shortness of breath due to extreme swelling of the mucous membranes in the neck area can then not be excluded.
  • Even people with existing kidney failure must refrain from taking the heavily draining goldenrod. Overall, the body's fluid balance should always be kept in mind while using Solidago. Otherwise there is a risk of serious disturbances in the electrolyte balance as well as dehydration due to persistent lack of fluids. So always drink enough while using the goldenrod and only use the herb for a limited period of time. (ma)

Author and source information

This text corresponds to the requirements of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.

Miriam Adam, Barbara Schindewolf-Lensch


  • Fetzner, Angela: Detoxification: Healing Strengths Letting Go, Books on Demand, 2018
  • Bäumler, Siegfried: Medicinal Plant Practice Today: Volume 2 Recipes and Application, Urban & Fischer Verlag, 2013
  • Hauenschild, Bettina: The language of plants and their healing properties, Irisiana, 2017
  • Sökeland, Jürgen; Sökeland, Angelika: Naturopathy in Urology: Classic Naturopathy - Complementary Medicine - Homeopathy - Acupuncture, Springer, 2003
  • F. Melzig, Matthias: "Genuine goldenrod herb - a classic in urological phytotherapy", in: Wiener Medical Wochenschrift, Volume 154, Issue 21–22, November 2004, Springer Medizin
  • Gottfried Mayer. John; Coat. Katharina: "Old New Royal Way: The Flushing Therapy", in: Deutsche Heilpraktiker-Zeitschrift. 13 (04), 2018, Thieme Connect

Video: Medicinal and edible plant - goldenrod (October 2022).