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The field mint belongs to the mint species. Her healing powers are really worth mentioning, even if she is not as well known as peppermint.
- Scientific name: Mentha arvensis
- Plant family: Lipflower (Lamiaceae)
- Popular names: Cornmint, field mint, garden mint
- Occurrence: almost worldwide
- application areas:
- Respiratory diseases
- Myalgia (muscle pain)
- Skin inflammation
- Menstrual cramps
- Headache migraine
- Circulatory problems
- Parts of plants used: Leaves
- ingredients: essential oil (menthol), tannins, flavonoids
The field mint has an analgesic, antispasmodic, carminative (deflating), cholagog (biliary), calming, blood circulation-promoting, antibacterial, antiviral, itch-relieving and disinfecting.
In herbal medicine, field mint is used both internally and externally. As a tea, it is mainly used for indigestion such as flatulence or upset stomach. The menthol contained kills bacteria such as gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative Escherichia coli. Women benefit from the antispasmodic and analgesic effects during menstruation.
Another common form of application is the essential oil of mint. This is for external use and inhalation. Mint leaves can be chewed if you feel sick.
A tablespoon (1.5 grams) of the dried leaves are brewed with 250 milliliters of boiling water and strained after five to ten minutes. Three to four cups a day can be drunk from this tea. The tea is also used for inhalation for respiratory diseases and as a support for skin irritation.
Blended tea for flatulence
For this purpose, have mint leaves, fennel seeds and caraway seeds mixed in equal parts in an herb house or pharmacy. The seeds should be touched a little so that the essential oils can develop. A teaspoonful of this mixture is brewed with a quarter liter of boiling water and strained after a maximum of ten minutes. Tea is most effective after meals, drunk in small sips.
Tea blend for menstrual pain
As already mentioned, the field mint is antispasmodic and analgesic. Mix field mint leaves, yarrow and lady's mantle in equal parts. A teaspoon full of 250 milliliters of boiling water is also brewed for this. The brewing time is seven to eight minutes. Three cups a day are recommended. It is best to start two to three days before menstruation begins.
The essential oil of field mint is extracted from the flowering herb by steam distillation. Japanese medicinal plant oil is known for this. The field mint provides the main part. If not mixed with carrier oil or water, the essential oil is always used selectively. When buying the oil, you should definitely pay attention to purity and organic quality.
Effect and application of the essential oil
Field mint essential oil is intended for external use, inhalation and vaping. Internal use should not be used.
The Mentha arvensis oil is a powerful, earthy but refreshing oil and belongs to the "top note". The oil has a clarifying and cleaning effect. It has a cooling and pain relieving effect. A fresh breeze fills the room when the oil is evaporated in the aroma lamp. Two drops are absolutely sufficient for this. However, steaming the room should not take longer than two hours at a time.
If you have to concentrate and are exhausted and weak, you should try this oil - ideally in the room fragrance. Applying a drop on a handkerchief also helps on the go. However, this is not suitable for long-term use.
The cooling end of the mint
If the essential oil of the field mint hits the skin, this is perceived as quite cool, although it actually has a circulation-promoting effect. The reason for this is that cold sensory cells are stimulated by the menthol. Therefore, caution is particularly important when using the oil in connection with the bath water. The water appears much cooler than it actually is.
For headaches and migraines
Field mint oil is effective for headaches and migraines. To do this, massage with a drop of your temple or neck. This oil is very helpful in colds. A drop is dripped onto a handkerchief and sniffed again and again. This makes breathing easier.
For tension and for better blood circulation
For muscular tension and for better circulation, five drops are mixed with 50 ml base oil. This serves as a massage oil. For example, cold-pressed almond oil, sesame oil or jojoba oil are recommended as the base oil. As already described, the oil has a cooling effect first, followed by the circulation-promoting effect.
With circulatory problems
As a "fragrance oil" in your handbag, the essential oil of mint can help with mild circulatory problems.
For oral hygiene
For a fresh feeling in the mouth, a mouthwash is made from three drops of the oil and a large glass of water (approx. 250 milliliters). This refreshes and disinfects.
Into the bath water
An aroma bath, enriched with essential oil of field mint, refreshes, relaxes and at the same time makes you happy. For the bath, a maximum of three to four drops of the oil are mixed with a tablespoon of honey or half a cup of cream and then added to the bath water (honey or cream serve as an emulsifier).
Attention: The mint oil makes the water subjectively colder than it really is.
Field mint can also be mixed with other essential oils, for example two drops of mint oil with two drops of lavender. This would increase the muscle relaxing effect. Or, to stimulate the mind, two drops of field mint and two drops of lemon, orange or grapefruit.
With fever in the calf wrap
You can add two drops of field mint oil to the water for the calf wrap in case of fever. This is very pleasant and supports the effect of the calf wrap.
In the case of cough and runny nose, inhalation is a simple, effective home remedy. Two drops of the oil are added to a quantity of two liters of water and stirred in the water by hand. Attention: Please keep your eyes closed as the oil can irritate them. If you find inhaling the oil unpleasant, stop the process immediately.
As a compress
Compresses with field mint oil help with back pain, swelling and itching. For this, two drops are mixed with 250 milliliters of water and, depending on the size, moistened with a small cotton cloth, a handkerchief or a compress.
Blend with other essential oils
Field mint essential oil blends well with other essential oils such as lemon, grapefruit, bergamot, lavender, cedar, palmarosa, myrtle and frankincense.
More applications - beauty tips
Field mint helps with dull and lackluster hair. Simply add a drop to the shampoo while washing your hair. This ensures beautiful hair, smells good and refreshes the mind at the same time - especially helpful in the morning.
Field mint is also suitable for the production of a facial tonic. Distilled water or rose water is mixed with essential oil (a drop to 50 milliliters) and poured into a spray bottle. This has a refreshing and antibacterial effect. But be careful - not everyone can tolerate this oil.
In the kitchen
The leaves can be used raw, chopped, in the kitchen. For example, as a seasoning in salads, in vegetables or green smoothies.
Attention: The normal amount of seasoning should not be exceeded. Field mint is poisonous in high doses.
Anyone who uses essential oils should do an allergy test beforehand. This tests the double concentration of the oil that you want to use. The maximum dose may be a three percent concentration. Testing is carried out on the fine, thin skin in the elbow. For example, for a 1% solution, a drop of the essential oil is mixed with a teaspoon of carrier oil. Gently rub a few drops of the desired solution into the skin. After half an hour, you may experience a reaction such as redness, swelling, or itching. If this is the case, the essential oil of field mint is not for you. Late reactions after 48 hours are also possible.
Field mint prefers moist, nutrient-rich areas such as near graves, swamp meadows or wet places on wasteland. It grows best on moist, wet, nitrogenous, humus-clay or sandy-loamy soils. The field mint usually reaches a maximum height of 35 centimeters. It is rarely 60 centimeters tall. It can multiply through underground foothills.
The leaves of the plant can be eaten raw. If you want to dry them, tie them into bouquets and hang them upside down in a dark place.
Side effects and contraindications
Tea and essential oil are absolutely contraindicated for babies and toddlers. Pregnant women should also avoid both, as the mint could stimulate the uterus. Breastfeeding women also belong to the group for which neither is suitable. Field mint can reduce milk flow - so it is more suitable when it comes to weaning.
In general, caution should be exercised when using field mint oil. Allergic skin reactions are possible. Even during homeopathic treatment, field mint, as tea and as oil, is contraindicated because it could reduce the success of the therapy.
Field mint is not an herb for the evening, as it stimulates the mind and is refreshing. This may lead to trouble falling asleep.
As already described, the mint has a bilious effect. Therefore, it should not be used in people with gallstones, gallbladder infections, occlusion of the biliary tract or liver damage. In sensitive people, the mint can cause stomach pain or heartburn.
Even if the field mint is "only" an herb, it is still a medicinal herb, a tea drug. And this should also be used as such. When using it as a tea, care must be taken that it is never drunk continuously for more than six to eight weeks. After that, a break of a few weeks is necessary. Care should also be taken when using the essential oil. The principle “less is more” applies here. (Sw)
Author and source information
This text corresponds to the specifications of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical doctors.
- Bäumler, Siegfried: Medicinal Plant Practice Today. Portraits - recipes - application. Urban & Fischer Verlag / Elsevier GmbH, 2007
- Akram, Muhammad et al .: Mentha arvensis Linn .: A review article. Journal of medicinal plant research, Volume 5, Pages 4499-4503, 2011, researchgate
- Krisnan, Vanitha; Rachman, Januarsih; Hassan, Abdul: The Protective Effect of Field Mint Leaves in Reducing Stomach Ulcer in Rats Induced by Aspirin, in: Althea Medical Journal, Volume 2, 2015, researchgate
- Malm, Liesel: My favorite wild herbs: News from the herbal Liesel with its best recipes. Bassermann inspiration, 2014